Welcome!

Open Source Cloud Authors: Elizabeth White, Jeev Trika, Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Derek Weeks

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, Open Source Cloud, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing, Apache, Government Cloud

@CloudExpo: Article

Cloud Computing: The Next Generation of Computing & Sustainable IT

The next generation of cloud computing will be the increase in clouds for vertical market

I have been asked to moderate a cloud computing discussion at Green Gov 2012. The title of the session is “Cloud Computing: The Next Generation of Computing and Sustainable IT”. It is a great honor to be selected to participate as moderator. I believe this is my second go around. As National Director of Cloud Services with Core BTS, Inc. it is my job to articulate the value of cloud computing. I have been pondering the title a bit and for me to actually discuss the next generation of Cloud, we have to identify the current situation. The cloud has gone way beyond Google Mail and SalesForce (CRM), into other areas like Cloud Security, Cloud Storage, and Cloud Back Up. Furthermore, we actually must define our idea of cloud computing and sustainable IT. Not everyone is on the same page.

What Is Cloud Computing?
NIST defines cloud computing as a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. My own definition is slightly to the point, I consider cloud computing as Information Technology as a Utility Service. To be clear, I find Cloud Computing no different than Managed Services. It doesn’t matter if you utilize software as a service, platform as a service, or infrastructure as a service, the idea is to treat IT as a utility service to save overall costs.

What Is Sustainable IT?
I define Sustainable IT as energy efficient computing from the desktop to the data center, from hardware to software, from the network to the virtual cloud. Today I will focus mainly on Cloud Computing. For all intents and purposes, Cloud Computing is Sustainable IT. How can I say that? It’s simple math. Cloud computing, done right, can save an organization 50% to 80% in TCO. The timing could not be better. With a struggling economy, corporations are looking for ways to cut costs. When you get past the internal politics, the cloud hype cycle, and take a deep dive into the total cost of running an IT shop, you will be enlightened.

A very unique thing has occurred in the past 4 years with Sustainability and IT. CEO’s and CFO’s have been getting involved with IT budgets. The server sprawl and data center energy costs have become a major factor in the cost of doing business. A big mistake C-Level execs make is the fuzzy math used to calculate TCO for the enterprise. There is a strong tendency to calculate hardware and software costs only. To get the accurate TCO, you must take into consideration the following items:

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Maintenance
  • People
  • Facilities
  • Power & Cooling
  • Redundancy
  • Storage
  • Bandwidth

When all is said and done, you may pay only a third of the cost of running your own IT shop. A classic example is Google saving the General Services Administration (GSA) $15M over a five year period. GSA had 17,000 employees using Lotus Notes. Imagine the upgrade path if they did not consider going with Gmail. That would be a logistical nightmare. They would have to have several skill sets that are, most likely, obsolete. Never the less, they managed to cut their budget in half for email across the entire agency. Because the new technology Google offers, they were able to integrate video chat, and document-sharing capabilities, as well as, mobile devices. The USDA reduced it’s per user cost for email from $150 to $100. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) cut it’s per user cost for email from $300 to $100.

Just with email we start to see significant savings in the cloud. So what next?

Next Generation Cloud Computing
We are currently seeing industry specific applications going to the cloud. Cloud commoditization is creeping up and down the stack, into different industries, causing a great deal of collaboration. Forrester Research predicts all cloud markets will continue to grow, and the total cloud market will reach about $61B by the end of 2012. With this continual increase in cloud usage, we will run unto cloud sprawl. This has gotten me excited with my position here at Core BTS. We specialize in two key areas that every organization on the planet will need to meet compliance. One being security the other being disaster recovery. Cyber-attacks are a fact of life in the world of today. Natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and system failures are common place.

Cloud Security
What are the biggest predictions for information security? We will need more. Just think about all the areas which prompt a call to action: cloud sprawl, mobile devices, social media, malware, wireless. Information Security is no longer a niche market, it is a must have. It has to go main stream because the market demands it. Larger organizations will purchase boutique firms to shore up their share of the market. We partner with Trustwave. Trustwave allows us to offer a four compelling solutions:

  1. Compliance
  2. Managed Security Services
  3. Spiderlabs
  4. Unified Security

Just to keep up with compliance is a monumental task. Our partnership allows us to help our clients with a strong strategy to address your regulatory requirements, such as PCI, HIPAA, SOX, GLBA, FISMA, ISO, and DLP. The demand for Information Security Governance has prompted a document called 20 Critical Security Controls for Effective Cyber Defense: Consensus Audit Guideline. This guideline alone should be all the more reason to put your security in the cloud. The cost to manage information security and the following 20 Critical Security Controls is staggering. You would need specialized hardware, software, people, and infrastructure.

20 Critical Security Controls – Version 3.1

  • Critical Control 1: Inventory of Authorized and Unauthorized Devices
  • Critical Control 2: Inventory of Authorized and Unauthorized Software
  • Critical Control 3: Secure Configurations for Hardware and Software on Laptops, Workstations, and Servers
  • Critical Control 4: Continuous Vulnerability Assessment and Remediation
  • Critical Control 5: Malware Defenses
  • Critical Control 6: Application Software Security
  • Critical Control 7: Wireless Device Control
  • Critical Control 8: Data Recovery Capability
  • Critical Control 9: Security Skills Assessment and Appropriate Training to Fill Gaps
  • Critical Control 10: Secure Configurations for Network Devices such as Firewalls, Routers, and Switches
  • Critical Control 11: Limitation and Control of Network Ports, Protocols, and Services
  • Critical Control 12: Controlled Use of Administrative Privileges
  • Critical Control 13: Boundary Defense
  • Critical Control 14: Maintenance, Monitoring, and Analysis of Security Audit Logs
  • Critical Control 15: Controlled Access Based on the Need to Know
  • Critical Control 16: Account Monitoring and Control
  • Critical Control 17: Data Loss Prevention
  • Critical Control 18: Incident Response Capability
  • Critical Control 19: Secure Network Engineering
  • Critical Control 20: Penetration Tests and Red Team Exercises

According to National Defense Magazine, we may be on the verge of a cyber-war in 2012. There have been numerous, almost daily, reports about China and other adversaries penetrating U.S. networks. Indeed, cyber security has been gaining lots of media attention. Targeted, zero day attacks will be the norm. Cybercriminals will adapt to the new cloud based protections looking for new ways to exploit networks. It’s a never ending battle. Smartphones will be a target, simply because it’s connected. Rogue Android and iPhone apps are just the beginning. Cyber Security is here to stay.

Cloud Back Up & Disaster Recovery
If you have sat around a computer in a corporate atmosphere as long as I have, chances are you have suffered panic or frustration with systems going down. Wondering whether you lost customer information, or whether that draft document you were working on was saved. It doesn’t have to be an event brought on by Mother Nature, it can be something simple like a server crashing. Disaster Recovery is changing to adapt to the overall changes in IT. IT as a commodity is fast becoming the de facto standard. So merely backing up data is not enough, we need to secure it and make it readily available. We also have to do that in the most secure effective way. In the past, DR was a very costly measure to keep systems up and running. We had to duplicate existing hardware, which is costly. We had to test that the DR plan, which was time consuming.

Our partnership with EVault helps us help our clients back up data to the DR site without violating standards for privacy and security. The HIPAA regulations regarding the security of digitally stored information are complex and difficult to follow. Outsourcing this function to the cloud helps you meet compliance, while saving on cost.

In summary, the next generation of cloud computing will be the increase in clouds for vertical markets, increase in cloud services up and down the stack, and the market demand for Cloud Security and Cloud Disaster Recovery.

More Stories By Terell Jones

Mr. Jones is the National Director of Cloud Services with Core BTS, Inc., a $180M corporation. He is based out of Fairfax, VA and handles the eastern region for cloud computing. After serving in the first Gulf War in the U.S. Navy Mr. Jones entered the IT field in 1995. He has over 17 years in Information Technology in the fields of Green IT, Cloud Computing, Virtualization, and Managed Services. He is internationally known as “the Green IT Guy” specializing in energy efficient computing from the desktop to the data center, from hardware to software, from the network to the virtual cloud. He has served as the Deputy Director at the Green IT Council since 2010.

@ThingsExpo Stories
There are several IoTs: the Industrial Internet, Consumer Wearables, Wearables and Healthcare, Supply Chains, and the movement toward Smart Grids, Cities, Regions, and Nations. There are competing communications standards every step of the way, a bewildering array of sensors and devices, and an entire world of competing data analytics platforms. To some this appears to be chaos. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, Bradley Holt, Developer Advocate a...
Fifty billion connected devices and still no winning protocols standards. HTTP, WebSockets, MQTT, and CoAP seem to be leading in the IoT protocol race at the moment but many more protocols are getting introduced on a regular basis. Each protocol has its pros and cons depending on the nature of the communications. Does there really need to be only one protocol to rule them all? Of course not. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, walk you through how Oct...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Bsquare has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For more than two decades, Bsquare has helped its customers extract business value from a broad array of physical assets by making them intelligent, connecting them, and using the data they generate to optimize business processes.
The Jevons Paradox suggests that when technological advances increase efficiency of a resource, it results in an overall increase in consumption. Writing on the increased use of coal as a result of technological improvements, 19th-century economist William Stanley Jevons found that these improvements led to the development of new ways to utilize coal. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Thiele, Chief Strategy Officer for Apcera, will compare the Jevons Paradox to modern-day enterprise IT, e...
There is little doubt that Big Data solutions will have an increasing role in the Enterprise IT mainstream over time. Big Data at Cloud Expo - to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA - has announced its Call for Papers is open. Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is...
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform and how we integrate our thinking to solve complicated problems. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm ...
IoT offers a value of almost $4 trillion to the manufacturing industry through platforms that can improve margins, optimize operations & drive high performance work teams. By using IoT technologies as a foundation, manufacturing customers are integrating worker safety with manufacturing systems, driving deep collaboration and utilizing analytics to exponentially increased per-unit margins. However, as Benoit Lheureux, the VP for Research at Gartner points out, “IoT project implementers often ...
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, provided tips on how to be successful in large scale machine learning...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Roundee / LinearHub will exhibit at the WebRTC Summit at @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. LinearHub provides Roundee Service, a smart platform for enterprise video conferencing with enhanced features such as automatic recording and transcription service. Slack users can integrate Roundee to their team via Slack’s App Directory, and '/roundee' command lets your video conference ...
In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Lee Atchison, Principal Cloud Architect and Advocate at New Relic, discussed cloud as a ‘better data center’ and how it adds new capacity (faster) and improves application availability (redundancy). The cloud is a ‘Dynamic Tool for Dynamic Apps’ and resource allocation is an integral part of your application architecture, so use only the resources you need and allocate /de-allocate resources on the fly.
Digital transformation is too big and important for our future success to not understand the rules that apply to it. The first three rules for winning in this age of hyper-digital transformation are: Advantages in speed, analytics and operational tempos must be captured by implementing an optimized information logistics system (OILS) Real-time operational tempos (IT, people and business processes) must be achieved Businesses that can "analyze data and act and with speed" will dominate those t...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, wh...
SYS-CON Events announced today the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp, being held November 1-2, 2016, in conjunction with 19th Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but with hands-on demos and detailed walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of real world use cases prototyped using Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark, and Intel Edison. Y...
Fact is, enterprises have significant legacy voice infrastructure that’s costly to replace with pure IP solutions. How can we bring this analog infrastructure into our shiny new cloud applications? There are proven methods to bind both legacy voice applications and traditional PSTN audio into cloud-based applications and services at a carrier scale. Some of the most successful implementations leverage WebRTC, WebSockets, SIP and other open source technologies. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Da...
If you’re responsible for an application that depends on the data or functionality of various IoT endpoints – either sensors or devices – your brand reputation depends on the security, reliability, and compliance of its many integrated parts. If your application fails to deliver the expected business results, your customers and partners won't care if that failure stems from the code you developed or from a component that you integrated. What can you do to ensure that the endpoints work as expect...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 19th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo Silicon Valley Call for Papers is now open.
Cognitive Computing is becoming the foundation for a new generation of solutions that have the potential to transform business. Unlike traditional approaches to building solutions, a cognitive computing approach allows the data to help determine the way applications are designed. This contrasts with conventional software development that begins with defining logic based on the current way a business operates. In her session at 18th Cloud Expo, Judith S. Hurwitz, President and CEO of Hurwitz & ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that ReadyTalk, a leading provider of online conferencing and webinar services, has been named Vendor Presentation Sponsor at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. ReadyTalk delivers audio and web conferencing services that inspire collaboration and enable the Future of Work for today’s increasingly digital and mobile workforce. By combining intuitive, innovative tec...
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...