|By Austin Hipes||
|November 18, 2012 08:00 AM EST||
Those familiar with deploying virtual machines (VMs) know that in order to ensure performance, VMs must be tied to physical platforms. As the demand for data-intensive virtualized and cloud solutions continues to increase, more powerful server platforms will be required to deliver this performance without significantly multiplying hardware infrastructure for every VM.
The new Intel Sandy Bridge series (Intel's Xeon E5-2600 processor family) is ideally suited for enabling more powerful and efficient virtualized solutions for high-throughput, processing-intensive communications applications. This latest dual-processor architecture features an increased core count, I/O, and memory performance to allow more virtual machines to run on a single physical platform. Virtualization can be extremely memory-intensive, as more VMs typically require more total system memory. In order to optimize performance and easily manage VMs, each one usually requires at least one physical processor core. Using the new Sandy Bridge E5-2600 series architecture can enable individual physical servers to support greater numbers of virtualized appliances, thereby consolidating hardware for lower operational costs, preventing against VM sprawl, and simplifying transition to the cloud with opportunities for scaling up over multiple cores.
The Benefits of Virtualization
Modern carrier-grade platforms comprise unprecedented amounts of processing, memory, and network I/O resources. For developers, though, these goodies also come with the mandate to make the most effective use of modern platforms through scaling and other techniques. Through the intelligent use of carrier-class virtualization, developers can create highly scalable platforms and often eliminate unnecessary over-provisioning of resources for peak usage.
Current advances in multicore processors, cryptography accelerators, and high-throughput Ethernet silicon make it possible to consolidate what previously required multiple specialized server platforms into a single private cloud. 4G wireless deployments, HD-quality video to all devices, the continuing transition to VoIP technologies, increased security concerns, and power efficiency requirements are all driving the need for more flexible solutions.
By deploying a private cloud with virtual machine infrastructure, one's hardware becomes a pool of resources available to be provisioned as needed. The control plane, data plane, and networking can all share the same pool of common hardware.
Deployments can be easily upgraded by simply adding physical resources to the managed pool. Additionally, migrating VM instances from one compute node to another, as Figure 1 shows, can be non-disruptive.
Many telecom solutions require multiple different hardware solutions simply because they are made up of applications that run on different operating systems. In a private cloud deployment, multiple operating systems can be run on the same physical hardware, eliminating this requirement.
A private cloud enables running instances (VMs assigned to a specific function) to be tailored to different workload environments. For example, a dedicated service level can be assigned to each instance, and as demand increases or decreases, other instances can be spawned or decommissioned as necessary. This allows each process workload to be tailored for the moment-in-time demand required (see Figure 2). This ability to tailor each process workload to address moment-in-time demand means the practice of over-provisioning all resources for a "peak workload" can go by the wayside. As resources are no longer needed, they are simply added back into the pool to be used by other instances that may need to be spawned.
Virtual machines allow for the more efficient use of hardware resources by allowing multiple instances to share the same physical hardware, maximizing the use of those resources and increasing the work per watt of power consumed when compared to traditional infrastructure.
VMs also allow for 1+1 and N+1 redundancy through the use of multiple virtual instances running fewer independent hardware nodes, such as AdvancedTCA SBCs. In addition, VMs often require fewer physical nodes to achieve the same level of redundancy. By reducing the physical node count to achieve the same uptime goals, less power is consumed overall (see Figure 3).
AdvancedTCA and Virtualization
For private clouds running VM infrastructure, choosing AdvancedTCA chassis with SBCs for the compute node (the most common core element in any private cloud) makes sense because of their commonality, variety, manageability, and ease of deployment.
Network switches with Layer 3 functionality are the glue that holds the private cloud together. The selection of AdvancedTCA switches will depend largely on the internal and external bandwidth required for each compute node. Video streaming or deep packet inspection typically requires much more bandwidth (and thus higher bandwidth switches) than SMSC messaging, for example, to optimize performance.
The last necessity is also one of the most critical: shared storage. For an instance to be launched or migrated to any physical node, all nodes must also have access to the same storage. In private cloud infrastructure, a high-performance SAN and a cluster file system often supply this access. Connectivity options typically include Fibre Channel, SAS, and iSCSI connectivity. iSCSI with link speeds of up to 10 Gbps is the least intrusive approach to implementation to each node, as the SAN can be connected to AdvancedTCA fabric switches to provide storage connectivity to each node.
To avoid excessive use of fabric bandwidth for storage connectivity in high-throughput environments, employing SAS or Fibre Channels that are directly attached and connected externally to each node via RTMs is a viable option. With multiple manufacturers now making AdvancedTCA blade-based SANs as well as NEBS certified external SANs, many options are available to meet the SAN requirements for a carrier-grade private cloud.
How Sandy Bridge Processors Optimize AdvancedTCA Platforms
The new Intel Xeon processor E5 family, based on the Sandy Bridge microarchitecture, changes how well software applications run on AdvancedTCA platforms. It supports innovative networking through 40-gigabit Ethernet, and its features allow for advanced virtualization and cloud computing techniques.
The Intel Xeon E5-2600 series CPUs consist of up to eight cores, each running up to 55 percent faster than its Xeon 5600 predecessor. It can therefore deliver much higher server performance to the enterprise market. Furthermore, new enterprise servers can support up to 32 GB dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs) so memory capacity can increase from 288 GB to 768 GB using 24 slots. E5-based AdvancedTCA compute blades with more limited board real estate are expected to support up to 256 GB in 16 VLP RDIMM slots at launch. This represents a 40 percentincrease over prior blades.
Greater power efficiency is another key benefit. The E5 family provides up to a 70 percent performance gain per watt over previous generation CPUs. Communications OEMs can develop power-efficient dual processor blades for service providers that fully meet or beat AdvancedTCA power specifications.
But the real game-changer lies in the E5-2600's integrated I/O, which allows designers to reduce latency significantly and increase bandwidth. AdvancedTCA's 40G fabric has been backplane-ready since 2010 in anticipation of an updated PICMG specification release. Since then, solution providers have sought ways to eliminate bottlenecks and utilize as much of the fabric as possible. Now that Intel has integrated the new PCI-Express 3.0 with 40 lanes aboard each Xeon® processor and Quickpath Interconnects (QPIs) linking each CPU together, I/O bottlenecks are reduced, throughput is increased, and I/O latency is cut by up to 30 percent. A standard dual Xeon® E5-2600 CPU configuration offers up to 80 lanes of PCIe Gen3, which provides 200 percent more throughput than the previous generation architectures.
The overall result is much higher I/O throughput. New AdvancedTCA blades will now be able to deliver more than 10 Gb/s per node. This is a critical milestone for wireless video applications that service providers are so hungry to launch. Greater overall performance and higher performance per watt are significant by themselves, but having enough I/O capacity to match the processor capabilities makes for even greater advances in application throughput.
Software AG helps organizations transform into Digital Enterprises, so they can differentiate from competitors and better engage customers, partners and employees. Using the Software AG Suite, companies can close the gap between business and IT to create digital systems of differentiation that drive front-line agility. We offer four on-ramps to the Digital Enterprise: alignment through collaborative process analysis; transformation through portfolio management; agility through process automation and integration; and visibility through intelligent business operations and big data.
Sep. 30, 2014 10:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,502
There will be 50 billion Internet connected devices by 2020. Today, every manufacturer has a propriety protocol and an app. How do we securely integrate these "things" into our lives and businesses in a way that we can easily control and manage? Even better, how do we integrate these "things" so that they control and manage each other so our lives become more convenient or our businesses become more profitable and/or safe? We have heard that the best interface is no interface. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, Co-Founder & CTO at Octoblu, Inc., will discuss how these devices generate enough data to learn our behaviors and simplify/improve our lives. What if we could connect everything to everything? I'm not only talking about connecting things to things but also systems, cloud services, and people. Add in a little machine learning and artificial intelligence and now we have something interesting...
Sep. 29, 2014 06:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,877
Last week, while in San Francisco, I used the Uber app and service four times. All four experiences were great, although one of the drivers stopped for 30 seconds and then left as I was walking up to the car. He must have realized I was a blogger. None the less, the next car was just a minute away and I suffered no pain. In this article, my colleague, Ved Sen, Global Head, Advisory Services Social, Mobile and Sensors at Cognizant shares his experiences and insights.
Sep. 28, 2014 09:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,541
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) irreversibly encoded. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at how this identity problem can be solved and discuss ways to use existing web identities for real-time communication.
Sep. 27, 2014 11:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,908
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. It also ensured scalability and better service for customers, including MUY! Companies, one of the country's largest franchise restaurant companies with 232 Pizza Hut locations. This is one example of WebRTC adoption today, but the potential is limitless when powered by IoT. Attendees will learn real-world benefits of WebRTC and explore future possibilities, as WebRTC and IoT intersect to improve customer service.
Sep. 27, 2014 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,825
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, will share some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, an Open Source Cloud Communications company that helps the shift from legacy IN/SS7 telco networks to IP-based cloud comms. An early investor in multiple start-ups, he still finds time to code for his companies and contribute to open source projects.
Sep. 27, 2014 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,291
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to create new business models as significant as those that were inspired by the Internet and the smartphone 20 and 10 years ago. What business, social and practical implications will this phenomenon bring? That's the subject of "Monetizing the Internet of Things: Perspectives from the Front Lines," an e-book released today and available free of charge from Aria Systems, the leading innovator in recurring revenue management.
Sep. 27, 2014 09:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,501
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges.
Sep. 27, 2014 08:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,373
There’s Big Data, then there’s really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at 6th Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, to discuss how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other machines.
Sep. 27, 2014 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,044
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices – computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors – connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be!
Sep. 27, 2014 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,226
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Erik Lagerway, Co-founder of Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services to the modern P2P RTC era of OTT cloud assisted services.
Sep. 26, 2014 11:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,552
While great strides have been made relative to the video aspects of remote collaboration, audio technology has basically stagnated. Typically all audio is mixed to a single monaural stream and emanates from a single point, such as a speakerphone or a speaker associated with a video monitor. This leads to confusion and lack of understanding among participants especially regarding who is actually speaking. Spatial teleconferencing introduces the concept of acoustic spatial separation between conference participants in three dimensional space. This has been shown to significantly improve comprehension and conference efficiency.
Sep. 26, 2014 10:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,488
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, will discuss single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example to explain some of these concepts including when to use different storage models.
Sep. 26, 2014 07:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,302
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in software-defined storage (SDS) purpose-built for Windows Servers and Hyper-V, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Gridstore™ is the leader in software-defined storage purpose built for virtualization that is designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Using its patented Server-Side Virtual Controller™ Technology (SVCT) to eliminate the I/O blender effect and accelerate applications Gridstore delivers vmOptimized™ Storage that self-optimizes to each application or VM across both virtual and physical environments. Leveraging a grid architecture, Gridstore delivers the first end-to-end storage QoS to ensure the most important App or VM performance is never compromised. The storage grid, that uses Gridstore’s performance optimized nodes or capacity optimized nodes, starts with as few a...
Sep. 26, 2014 06:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,659
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace. These technological reforms have not only changed computers and smartphones, but are also changing the data processing model for all information devices. In particular, in the area known as M2M (Machine-To-Machine), there are great expectations that information with a new type of value can be produced using a variety of devices and sensors saving/sharing data via the network and through large-scale cloud-type data processing. This consortium believes that attaching a huge number of devic...
Sep. 26, 2014 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,594
Innodisk is a service-driven provider of industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products and technologies, with a focus on the enterprise, industrial, aerospace, and defense industries. Innodisk is dedicated to serving their customers and business partners. Quality is vitally important when it comes to industrial embedded flash and DRAM storage products. That’s why Innodisk manufactures all of their products in their own purpose-built memory production facility. In fact, they designed and built their production center to maximize manufacturing efficiency and guarantee the highest quality of our products.
Sep. 26, 2014 05:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,589
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. Over the summer Gartner released its much anticipated annual Hype Cycle report and the big news is that Internet of Things has now replaced Big Data as the most hyped technology. Indeed, we're hearing more and more about this fascinating new technological paradigm. Every other IT news item seems to be about IoT and its implications on the future of digital business.
Sep. 26, 2014 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,075
Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. Download Slide Deck: ▸ Here
Sep. 26, 2014 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,536
BSQUARE is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success. For more information, visit www.bsquare.com.
Sep. 26, 2014 09:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,446
With the iCloud scandal seemingly in its past, Apple announced new iPhones, updates to iPad and MacBook as well as news on OSX Yosemite. Although consumers will have to wait to get their hands on some of that new stuff, what they can get is the latest release of iOS 8 that Apple made available for most in-market iPhones and iPads. Originally announced at WWDC (Apple’s annual developers conference) in June, iOS 8 seems to spearhead Apple’s newfound focus upon greater integration of their products into everyday tasks, cross-platform mobility and self-monitoring. Before you update your device, here is a look at some of the new features and things you may want to consider from a mobile security perspective.
Sep. 26, 2014 09:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,428