|By Rennie Walker||
|February 26, 2013 11:23 AM EST||
It’s a Big Market …
… online advertising. There are 10,000 stories and data points about it. Here are two to give some context to the journey below. First, global online ad spending is projected by ZenithOptimedia to exceed print ad spend by 2015 (note 1). This 2015 projected spend figure for online advertising is $132.4 billion. Second, global online ad revenue is projected by another research agency, Digital TV Research, to hit $143 billion by 2017 (note 2).
These are prodigious amounts of money for companies to spend to connect with customers. But … surely it’s easy to connect online customers to web content featuring, or suggesting, products? And surely, online is “better”? Where can, and do, taxonomy-based approaches add value to this dance of moving (emotional and semantic) parts between the intentful consumer poised to shop and the intentful marketer with honed content?
Online Ad Targeting is Easy … so 'They' Say …
Really? So what might be “easy”? And, indeed, “better”? Let’s unbundle these simulacra that look like very fuzzy concepts, and as ontologists and knowledge engineers let’s think our way forward with the concept of “precision”.
So … online is more precise than billboards by freeways? Lightly stated, online has advantages. What about magazine print ads vs. online? Online has potential advantages. But … and this is a very big but … in both these cases (and all others) online depends on connecting potential customers to products, their features, their benefits, their attributes and so on precisely, and with precision that is repeatable and extensible. Rather than random (random is the most expensive way to advertise and has fallen out of favor). And, since online copy and online ads are words (including in videos) and are semantically classifiable, and since classifications can be organized into models (taxonomies and ontologies) … then there are advantages to be created through the combination of semantic analysis, categorization and taxonomy.
Now, let’s connect taxonomy, classification, semantics and optimizing online ad targeting. There are a host of holy grails currently being sought in the web/mobile/social uber-ecosystem. Some are well found, though not perfect, and are unlikely to traverse through a paradigmatic improvement. Think ‘search’. Others are most definitely not found (yet). Given the size of the market outlined in the first paragraph, the rewards are huge to those with the tools and skillsets that know how to work with semantics, taxonomy/ontology, classification of content to taxonomy, and design of taxonomies to drive online targeting.
New Approaches to Classifying to the IAB Taxonomy with Sophializer
Sophia Search is a recent entrant into this space. (I have written about them before here. Sophia Search’s tool – currently called the ‘Sophializer’ – categorizes any URL to nodes in the Internet Advertising Bureau (IAB) taxonomy. Sophializer can also classify content of ads (and so create a semantic/conceptual ‘signature’ for each). The IAB Contextual Taxonomy comprises three levels:
- Tier 1 – 23 nodes
- Tier 2 – 371 nodes
- Tier 3 – unspecified and vendor specific
Given that Sophializer categorizes both sides of this content dance – web page and ad – web properties can serve ads to any page automatically using the IAB taxonomy as the cross-mapping conceptual foundation.
Sophializer not only classifies to Tier 1 and Tier 2 it also discovers/generates robust classifications that can be used to customize Tier 3 for individual customers.
Benefits of Using Taxonomy for Ad Targeting
Taxonomy gives a framework to this kind of semantic work. Essentially, we are cross-mapping both partners of this content dance – content and ad - using the IAB taxonomy as a “choreographer” of sorts. Other taxonomies could be used. In fact, multiple taxonomies could be used – and this would be particularly powerful if these taxonomies were cross-mapped to each other. For example, if you have content (web page, say, or ad) categorized and mapped to Taxonomy A and Taxonomy A is cross-mapped to the IAB taxonomy … then … you can propagate these ads to content that is already categorized.
Benefits of Using Categorization Tools to Assign Marketing Content to Taxonomy Nodes
There are a number of different methods of assigning content to nodes in any taxonomy –
- Training sets of documents (training documents are most often manually selected as exemplars)
- Categorization algorithms that work with semantic tokens
There is more than enough to say on each of these around methods, workflows, best practices and pitfalls for a blog post on each. But not here.
Sophializer utilizes patented and proprietary algorithms in the core of their categorization engine. Two fundamental points are worth, briefly, focusing on. Firstly, different categorization engines use different patented technologies. “Quality” from different categorizers is (very) variable. Which is why it is important to carry out “Proofs of Concept” when evaluating this technology.
Secondly, the more semantically rich the taxonomy – e.g. fully enriched with synonyms and other types of evidence terms – the better “quality” one gets with any method of associating content to taxonomy nodes. Both of these parameters are make-or-break (literally) in using semantics to target online ads.
Learn More 2.0
The Google Display Network is IAB Certified and complies with the top 2 tiers of the IAB Contextual Taxonomy. You can read details of what Google do here and this also navigates you to the Google mapping to the IAB taxonomy Tier 1 and Tier 2.
Sophia Search currently has a number of engagements on the web that are live. For example, targeting ads for non-fiction books (from a major publishing house) to news stories (on a pre-eminent news site). You can contact them for details.
This is not an empty space. Other companies are also searching for the holy grail of taxonomy-based content targeting mediated by content categorization that works. See, for example, see ADmantX (http://blog.admantx.com/post/15726823528/a-new-iab-based-taxonomy-and-an...).
This whole space is an excellent example of where the application of the nexus of taxonomy, categorization and semantics will provide stratospheric business benefit. Grails are waiting to be found here.
Note 1. See ZenithOprimedia
The detailed ZenithOptimedia figures can be found here
Note 2. See Hollywood Reporter
You can download the Digital TV Research press release about these figures here
Internet of Things (IoT) will be a hybrid ecosystem of diverse devices and sensors collaborating with operational and enterprise systems to create the next big application. In their session at @ThingsExpo, Bramh Gupta, founder and CEO of robomq.io, and Fred Yatzeck, principal architect leading product development at robomq.io, discussed how choosing the right middleware and integration strategy from the get-go will enable IoT solution developers to adapt and grow with the industry, while at the same time reduce Time to Market (TTM) by using plug and play capabilities offered by a robust IoT ...
Jul. 2, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,979
"We have a tagline - "Power in the API Economy." What that means is everything that is built in applications and connected applications is done through APIs," explained Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at Akana, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 16th Cloud Expo, held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City.
Jul. 2, 2015 11:15 AM EDT Reads: 989
Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Red Hat's Chief Architect for the Internet of Things and Intelligent Systems, described how to revolutionize your archit...
Jul. 2, 2015 09:30 AM EDT Reads: 800
WebRTC converts the entire network into a ubiquitous communications cloud thereby connecting anytime, anywhere through any point. In his session at WebRTC Summit,, Mark Castleman, EIR at Bell Labs and Head of Future X Labs, will discuss how the transformational nature of communications is achieved through the democratizing force of WebRTC. WebRTC is doing for voice what HTML did for web content.
Jul. 2, 2015 09:24 AM EDT Reads: 435
It is one thing to build single industrial IoT applications, but what will it take to build the Smart Cities and truly society-changing applications of the future? The technology won’t be the problem, it will be the number of parties that need to work together and be aligned in their motivation to succeed. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jason Mondanaro, Director, Product Management at Metanga, discussed how you can plan to cooperate, partner, and form lasting all-star teams to change the world and it starts with business models and monetization strategies.
Jul. 2, 2015 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,281
To many people, IoT is a buzzword whose value is not understood. Many people think IoT is all about wearables and home automation. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mike Kavis, Vice President & Principal Cloud Architect at Cloud Technology Partners, discussed some incredible game-changing use cases and how they are transforming industries like agriculture, manufacturing, health care, and smart cities. He will discuss cool technologies like smart dust, robotics, smart labels, and much more. Prepare to be blown away with a glimpse of the future.
Jul. 2, 2015 07:30 AM EDT Reads: 903
The Internet of Things is not only adding billions of sensors and billions of terabytes to the Internet. It is also forcing a fundamental change in the way we envision Information Technology. For the first time, more data is being created by devices at the edge of the Internet rather than from centralized systems. What does this mean for today's IT professional? In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists addressed this very serious issue of profound change in the industry.
Jul. 1, 2015 03:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,101
Internet of Things is moving from being a hype to a reality. Experts estimate that internet connected cars will grow to 152 million, while over 100 million internet connected wireless light bulbs and lamps will be operational by 2020. These and many other intriguing statistics highlight the importance of Internet powered devices and how market penetration is going to multiply many times over in the next few years.
Jul. 1, 2015 10:30 AM EDT Reads: 2,156
Today air travel is a minefield of delays, hassles and customer disappointment. Airlines struggle to revitalize the experience. GE and M2Mi will demonstrate practical examples of how IoT solutions are helping airlines bring back personalization, reduce trip time and improve reliability. In their session at @ThingsExpo, Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect with GE, and Dr. Sarah Cooper, M2Mi’s VP Business Development and Engineering, will explore the IoT cloud-based platform technologies driving this change including privacy controls, data transparency and integration of real time context wi...
Jul. 1, 2015 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 977
SYS-CON Events announced today that BMC will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. BMC delivers software solutions that help IT transform digital enterprises for the ultimate competitive business advantage. BMC has worked with thousands of leading companies to create and deliver powerful IT management services. From mainframe to cloud to mobile, BMC pairs high-speed digital innovation with robust IT industrialization – allowing customers to provide amazing user experiences with optimized IT per...
Jun. 29, 2015 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,727
There will be 150 billion connected devices by 2020. New digital businesses have already disrupted value chains across every industry. APIs are at the center of the digital business. You need to understand what assets you have that can be exposed digitally, what their digital value chain is, and how to create an effective business model around that value chain to compete in this economy. No enterprise can be complacent and not engage in the digital economy. Learn how to be the disruptor and not the disruptee.
Jun. 29, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,210
The Internet of Things is not only adding billions of sensors and billions of terabytes to the Internet. It is also forcing a fundamental change in the way we envision Information Technology. For the first time, more data is being created by devices at the edge of the Internet rather than from centralized systems. What does this mean for today's IT professional? In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists will addresses this very serious issue of profound change in the industry.
Jun. 29, 2015 09:45 AM EDT Reads: 2,557
Business as usual for IT is evolving into a "Make or Buy" decision on a service-by-service conversation with input from the LOBs. How does your organization move forward with cloud? In his general session at 16th Cloud Expo, Paul Maravei, Regional Sales Manager, Hybrid Cloud and Managed Services at Cisco, discusses how Cisco and its partners offer a market-leading portfolio and ecosystem of cloud infrastructure and application services that allow you to uniquely and securely combine cloud business applications and services across multiple cloud delivery models.
Jun. 28, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,259
In his General Session at 16th Cloud Expo, David Shacochis, host of The Hybrid IT Files podcast and Vice President at CenturyLink, investigated three key trends of the “gigabit economy" though the story of a Fortune 500 communications company in transformation. Narrating how multi-modal hybrid IT, service automation, and agile delivery all intersect, he will cover the role of storytelling and empathy in achieving strategic alignment between the enterprise and its information technology.
Jun. 27, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,279
Buzzword alert: Microservices and IoT at a DevOps conference? What could possibly go wrong? In this Power Panel at DevOps Summit, moderated by Jason Bloomberg, the leading expert on architecting agility for the enterprise and president of Intellyx, panelists peeled away the buzz and discuss the important architectural principles behind implementing IoT solutions for the enterprise. As remote IoT devices and sensors become increasingly intelligent, they become part of our distributed cloud environment, and we must architect and code accordingly. At the very least, you'll have no problem fillin...
Jun. 26, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,267
Growth hacking is common for startups to make unheard-of progress in building their business. Career Hacks can help Geek Girls and those who support them (yes, that's you too, Dad!) to excel in this typically male-dominated world. Get ready to learn the facts: Is there a bias against women in the tech / developer communities? Why are women 50% of the workforce, but hold only 24% of the STEM or IT positions? Some beginnings of what to do about it! In her Opening Keynote at 16th Cloud Expo, Sandy Carter, IBM General Manager Cloud Ecosystem and Developers, and a Social Business Evangelist, d...
Jun. 26, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,145
Converging digital disruptions is creating a major sea change - Cisco calls this the Internet of Everything (IoE). IoE is the network connection of People, Process, Data and Things, fueled by Cloud, Mobile, Social, Analytics and Security, and it represents a $19Trillion value-at-stake over the next 10 years. In her keynote at @ThingsExpo, Manjula Talreja, VP of Cisco Consulting Services, discussed IoE and the enormous opportunities it provides to public and private firms alike. She will share what businesses must do to thrive in the IoE economy, citing examples from several industry sectors.
Jun. 25, 2015 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,049
In his keynote at 16th Cloud Expo, Rodney Rogers, CEO of Virtustream, discussed the evolution of the company from inception to its recent acquisition by EMC – including personal insights, lessons learned (and some WTF moments) along the way. Learn how Virtustream’s unique approach of combining the economics and elasticity of the consumer cloud model with proper performance, application automation and security into a platform became a breakout success with enterprise customers and a natural fit for the EMC Federation.
Jun. 25, 2015 01:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,205
SYS-CON Events announced today that the "Second Containers & Microservices Conference" will take place November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA, and the “Third Containers & Microservices Conference” will take place June 7-9, 2016, at Javits Center in New York City. Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities.
Jun. 22, 2015 02:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,859
SYS-CON Events announced today that the "First Containers & Microservices Conference" will take place June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City. The “Second Containers & Microservices Conference” will take place November 3-5, 2015, at Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA. Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities.
Jun. 20, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 3,922