Click here to close now.




















Welcome!

Open Source Cloud Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Bob Gourley, Tim Hinds, Mike Kavis

Related Topics: Open Source Cloud

Open Source Cloud: Article

Good and Bad Reasons to Open Source Your Software

How do you measure up?

A company's decision to contribute to open source projects is usually business-driven. This article offers a review of the top reasons that can influence your company to contribute source code to open source or to start new open source projects.

1.  Provide a reference implementation to a standard:
Open source is a potential venue to launch reference implementations of a specification or standard, with the added benefit that such implementations can gain faster acceptance than if they were kept proprietary. Examples of companies that launched open source projects to provide a reference implementation to a standard include:

  • Motorola, which open sourced its high-availability middleware stack, called OpenSAF, to provide a reference implementation to the Service Availability Forum specifications. For more information on OpenSAF visit www.opensaf.org/.
  • And Ericsson, which open sourced the Transparent Inter-Process Communication (TIPC) protocol to provide a reference implementation for the Linux Foundation Carrier Grade Linux specification version 2.0. Today TIPC is integrated into the Linux kernel. For more information on TIPC visit http://tipc.sourceforge.net/.
2.  Ensure that critical software remains viable:
If you use an open source project and need to ensure that it continues to progress, remains active, and attracts new contributors, it's important that your company step in and start contributing. If you're already a contributor, you may want to increase the level of your contributions and possibly take a leading role in the project and motivate others to contribute by making the project interesting and challenging.

3.  Ensure that new features are implemented
("scratch your own itch"): If you're using open source code and realize that you'd like a certain capability implemented, the best way to get it done is to do it yourself. Leveraging open source happens when others share the same "itch." However, don't expect a project community to implement features that are of interest only to you. One example of "scratching your own itch" is Motorola implementing and open sourcing Precise Process Accounting (PPA) functionalities, a Linux kernel patch that improves the accounting of CPU and scheduling activities in carrier-grade servers and results in increased performance, capacity, and reliability. For more information on PPA visit http://sourceforge.net/projects/ppacc/.

4.  Take control of your own destiny:
In many cases, companies create open source projects or support existing open source projects in the hopes that these projects become successful, thrive, and eventually become viable alternatives to the proprietary solutions of commercial software vendors. This allows such companies to reduce or eliminate commercial vendor "lock-in".

5.  Undercut the competition:
Companies can use open source software to reduce their development costs by sharing these costs with others. Moreover, they can collaborate with the open source community and reuse open source components to accelerate the development of their products and reduce time-to-market. As a result, open source can provide cost and cycle time advantages with respect to the competition.

6.  Commoditize a market:
When open source software meets the requirements of most users, the effect is to commoditize a market, reducing the pricing power of commercial vendors. For instance, free or low-cost Linux distributions have disrupted the market for Unix-based operating systems; as a result, traditional Unix vendors such as Sun and IBM have shifted focus to offer services. As a company, you may be interested in commoditizing a market to benefit yourself (via lower costs) or to put your competitor in a difficult situation.

7.  Partner with others and promote goodwill for your company in the developer community:
There are many examples of companies that work with the open source community and contribute to open source projects to advance projects as well as promote themselves as good open source citizens that not only use open source but also contribute. By doing so, such companies are establishing a relationship with their software suppliers, which, in this case, are open source software developers. Examples of such companies include:

  • Motorola, which developed a Web portal to foster collaboration between Motorola and the open source community http://opensource.motorola.com.
  • IBM, which was one of the early adopters and supporters of open source and its significant participation and collaboration with the open source community is highly regarded and respected. To access IBM's open source zone visit www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/opensource.
  • And Nokia, which has successfully partnered with the open source community to develop its Linux-based Internet tablets, the N770 and N800. For more information visit www.maemo.org/.
8.  Drive market demand by building an ecosystem:
Open source software and the open source community can help companies create an ecosystem around their products and, as a result, drive market demand.
  • Motorola has launched the MOTODEV initiative, which provides comprehensive resources to developers and enables developers to create applications for Motorola devices, leading to higher demand for Motorola products. See http://developer.motorola.com/ for details.
  • Hardware vendors such as AMD and Intel have partnered with the open source community to create code enabling their hardware and chips to work with Linux, increasing demand for their hardware.
9.  Offer your customers the ability to support themselves and add custom features for them:
This is a great approach to work with your customers, allowing them to contribute to your product development and help them support themselves.
  • Motorola is partnering with the open source community to translate the interface of its A1200 cellular phone (Motorola Ming) into different languages. See http://opensource.motorola.com for details.
... And the Three Worst Reasons
Open sourcing your software isn't always the best business strategy. This section reviews some of the worst reasons you can have to open source a particular technology or create a new open source project:
  1. You have obsolete software that you want to get rid of and you think that open sourcing it is a good way to get rid of it.
  2. You're looking to leverage free engineering from the open source community and by open sourcing you think open source developers will lineup to contribute to your project.
  3. You have software that you don't need anymore and instead of terminating the project or canceling it, you decide to open source it and then call it a win.
To be successful in open sourcing a project, you must have the right reasons or motivations. Furthermore, it's always recommended to do due diligence: If there's any other open source project with which your project might compete then study the opportunity to join and contribute to that project. Otherwise, you'll be creating competition and, in the spirit of open source, the strongest and best project wins mainstream.

Conclusion
There are many reasons to contribute to open source and there are various benefits to be realized from such engagements. In all cases, it's important to remember that it's a "give and take" relationship: be a good open source citizen, contribute to the community in good faith, and respect and follow community practices.

In a follow-up article, we'll discuss the process to follow after you decide to contribute such as selecting a license, doing a legal review, understanding the intellectual property implications, training employees, building a project infrastructure, announcing the project, following the open source development model, being visible, and being a good open source citizen driving the success of your project.

Stay tuned!

More Stories By Ibrahim Haddad

Ibrahim Haddad is a member of the management team at The Linux Foundation responsible for technical, legal and compliance projects and initiatives. Prior to that, he ran the Open Source Office at Palm, the Open Source Technology Group at Motorola, and Global Telecommunications Initiatives at The Open Source Development Labs. Ibrahim started his career as a member of the research team at Ericsson Research focusing on advanced research for system architecture of 3G wireless IP networks and on the adoption of open source software in telecom. Ibrahim graduated from Concordia University (Montréal, Canada) with a Ph.D. in Computer Science. He is a Contributing Editor to the Linux Journal. Ibrahim is fluent in Arabic, English and French. He can be reached via http://www.IbrahimHaddad.com.

More Stories By Frederic Benard

Dr. Frédéric Bénard is Engineering Manager at Motorola and leads the Open Source Software Center of Excellence, which is part of the Motorola "Embedded Systems, Open Source and Linux Technology Group". He holds a B.Sc. in Physics from McGill University, a M.Sc. and a Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Toronto, and an MBA from McGill University.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
Through WebRTC, audio and video communications are being embedded more easily than ever into applications, helping carriers, enterprises and independent software vendors deliver greater functionality to their end users. With today’s business world increasingly focused on outcomes, users’ growing calls for ease of use, and businesses craving smarter, tighter integration, what’s the next step in delivering a richer, more immersive experience? That richer, more fully integrated experience comes about through a Communications Platform as a Service which allows for messaging, screen sharing, video...
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
WebRTC services have already permeated corporate communications in the form of videoconferencing solutions. However, WebRTC has the potential of going beyond and catalyzing a new class of services providing more than calls with capabilities such as mass-scale real-time media broadcasting, enriched and augmented video, person-to-machine and machine-to-machine communications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Luis Lopez, CEO of Kurento, will introduce the technologies required for implementing these ideas and some early experiments performed in the Kurento open source software community in areas ...
The 17th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. 17th International Cloud Expo, to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Microservices, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal today!
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lee Williams, a producer of the first smartphones and tablets, will talk about how he is now applying his experience in mobile technology to the design and development of the next generation of Environmental and Sustainability Services at ETwater. He will explain how M2M controllers work through wirelessly connected remote controls; and specifically delve into a retrofit option that reverse-engineers control codes of existing conventional controller systems so they don't have to be replaced and are instantly converted to become smart, connected devices.
The 3rd International WebRTC Summit, to be held Nov. 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, announces that its Call for Papers is now open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 15th International Cloud Expo, 6th International Big Data Expo, 3rd International DevOps Summit and 2nd Internet of @ThingsExpo. WebRTC (Web-based Real-Time Communication) is an open source project supported by Google, Mozilla and Opera that aims to enable bro...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Pythian, a global IT services company specializing in helping companies leverage disruptive technologies to optimize revenue-generating systems, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 17th Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Founded in 1997, Pythian is a global IT services company that helps companies compete by adopting disruptive technologies such as cloud, Big Data, advanced analytics, and DevOps to advance innovation and increase agility. Specializing in designing, imple...
Containers are not new, but renewed commitments to performance, flexibility, and agility have propelled them to the top of the agenda today. By working without the need for virtualization and its overhead, containers are seen as the perfect way to deploy apps and services across multiple clouds. Containers can handle anything from file types to operating systems and services, including microservices. What are microservices? Unlike what the name implies, microservices are not necessarily small, but are focused on specific tasks. The ability for developers to deploy multiple containers – thous...
SYS-CON Events announced today that IceWarp will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. IceWarp, the leader of cloud and on-premise messaging, delivers secured email, chat, documents, conferencing and collaboration to today's mobile workforce, all in one unified interface
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo, November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be.
Too often with compelling new technologies market participants become overly enamored with that attractiveness of the technology and neglect underlying business drivers. This tendency, what some call the “newest shiny object syndrome,” is understandable given that virtually all of us are heavily engaged in technology. But it is also mistaken. Without concrete business cases driving its deployment, IoT, like many other technologies before it, will fade into obscurity.
As more and more data is generated from a variety of connected devices, the need to get insights from this data and predict future behavior and trends is increasingly essential for businesses. Real-time stream processing is needed in a variety of different industries such as Manufacturing, Oil and Gas, Automobile, Finance, Online Retail, Smart Grids, and Healthcare. Azure Stream Analytics is a fully managed distributed stream computation service that provides low latency, scalable processing of streaming data in the cloud with an enterprise grade SLA. It features built-in integration with Azur...
With the proliferation of connected devices underpinning new Internet of Things systems, Brandon Schulz, Director of Luxoft IoT – Retail, will be looking at the transformation of the retail customer experience in brick and mortar stores in his session at @ThingsExpo. Questions he will address include: Will beacons drop to the wayside like QR codes, or be a proximity-based profit driver? How will the customer experience change in stores of all types when everything can be instrumented and analyzed? As an area of investment, how might a retail company move towards an innovation methodolo...
SYS-CON Events announced today that HPM Networks will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For 20 years, HPM Networks has been integrating technology solutions that solve complex business challenges. HPM Networks has designed solutions for both SMB and enterprise customers throughout the San Francisco Bay Area.
SYS-CON Events announced today the Containers & Microservices Bootcamp, being held November 3-4, 2015, in conjunction with 17th Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, and @DevOpsSummit at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. This is your chance to get started with the latest technology in the industry. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Containers and Microservices Bootcamp, led by Janakiram MSV, a Microsoft Regional Director, will include presentations as well as hands-on demos and comprehensive walkthroughs.
Contrary to mainstream media attention, the multiple possibilities of how consumer IoT will transform our everyday lives aren’t the only angle of this headline-gaining trend. There’s a huge opportunity for “industrial IoT” and “Smart Cities” to impact the world in the same capacity – especially during critical situations. For example, a community water dam that needs to release water can leverage embedded critical communications logic to alert the appropriate individuals, on the right device, as soon as they are needed to take action.
Consumer IoT applications provide data about the user that just doesn’t exist in traditional PC or mobile web applications. This rich data, or “context,” enables the highly personalized consumer experiences that characterize many consumer IoT apps. This same data is also providing brands with unprecedented insight into how their connected products are being used, while, at the same time, powering highly targeted engagement and marketing opportunities. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nathan Treloar, President and COO of Bebaio, will explore examples of brands transforming their businesses by t...
With the Apple Watch making its way onto wrists all over the world, it’s only a matter of time before it becomes a staple in the workplace. In fact, Forrester reported that 68 percent of technology and business decision-makers characterize wearables as a top priority for 2015. Recognizing their business value early on, FinancialForce.com was the first to bring ERP to wearables, helping streamline communication across front and back office functions. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Kevin Roberts, GM of Platform at FinancialForce.com, will discuss the value of business applications on wearable ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Micron Technology, Inc., a global leader in advanced semiconductor systems, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Micron’s broad portfolio of high-performance memory technologies – including DRAM, NAND and NOR Flash – is the basis for solid state drives, modules, multichip packages and other system solutions. Backed by more than 35 years of technology leadership, Micron's memory solutions enable the world's most innovative computing, consumer,...
17th Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS – software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.