Welcome!

Open Source Cloud Authors: Mehdi Daoudi, Liz McMillan, Xenia von Wedel, Stackify Blog, Vaibhaw Pandey

Related Topics: Open Source Cloud, Server Monitoring, CMS

Open Source Cloud: Article

Case Study: Content Management System vs. Wiki for Community Websites

Why JBoss.org chose an open source CMS

Wikis are a great software tool for collaboratively creating and editing content. They seem to be an obvious choice for building a community Web infrastructure. Yet they have serious drawbacks that made JBoss.org choose a Content Management System (CMS) instead of a Wiki to build its new community website.

Managing Content of High-Traffic Community Sites
JBoss.org's website currently serves 20 million page views per month and hosts over 40 community projects within that website. Each project area has a navigation menu on the left and a content area on the right. Some projects need more pages than others because of their project structure.

JBoss.org currently uses an in-house system they developed, but wanted to focus on adding value for the more than 40 software projects it hosts, instead of maintaining a self-made CMS. Initially in April 2008, JBoss.org evaluated Wikis when starting to look for a solution, but soon discovered that a CMS offers more advantages than a conventional Wiki. Since its infrastructure is Java-based and open source, the natural desire was to use an open source, Java-based content management system. That is when JBoss.org started to try out Magnolia, which is both easily integrated into their Java infrastructure and open source.

Reusable Content Is Hard to Achieve with Wikis
One of the differences between a conventional Wiki and a CMS is that in a Wiki you can edit information very quickly, but if you are trying to re-use information, then it becomes difficult to do so. For example, when using information from one page to a summary page or pulling together different pages representing different areas of interest.

That's where JBoss.org saw a CMS like Magnolia really helping out. It allows for a new community website that can be more flexible, comprehensive and rich, because it can reuse content from all over the site.

Benefits of Typed Information
The reason why a CMS performs far better when it comes to reusable content is because it applies the concept of typed information to the data it manages. How it works in Magnolia is that information is being typed while it's being captured. For example, the teaser of a press release could be automatically typed as "pr_teaser" by the system once the text has been entered in the respective form field of Magnolia's graphical user interface and saved by a user.

That content bit can be retrieved dynamically and displayed to website visitors in different places on the website. For example, the front page of a website would only display the title and teaser of a PR message together with a link to the complete press release. That press release page then shows the whole information, including the PR title, teaser, body, and press contact information.

Templates for Content Inclusion and Formatting
Templates define how typed information is used within Magnolia. Examples for typed information are a title, date, image, teaser text, author or any other content-bit entered through Magnolia's easy-to-use web interface. A template merges typed content with static data to generate output, such as a web page or an RSS-feed. Through the use of templates the same information can be reused for different output formats.

In a similar fashion, templates can display the same information in different ways. For example, on a front page, you want a PR teaser to be formatted in normal style, while you want it to be in bold style when viewing the press release in its entirety. That could be achieved through different templates. For example, one displays the teaser text in normal style, while another template can display the teaser text in bold style.

Templates can also be configured to give users the ability to easily influence the design of their page or micro-site. While this can be also true for some Wiki systems, the template concept is a much more fundamental part of Magnolia.

Business Benefits of a CMS
With a CMS, JBoss.org is able to benefit from reusable content and template-driven output in various ways.

Content reusability ensures a faster time-to-publishing and reduced manual work. Instead of copy and paste, content can be included dynamically. This minimizes errors that can happen when manually transferring content.

Reusable templates make the life of website developers and administrators easier and save time, while enabling customization for an individual look & feel for micro-sites of a community portal. For example, on the new JBoss.org community website, projects like "Hibernate" or "Seam" wish to keep a "corporate" identity that supports their branding and differs from the main JBoss.org design. Even though projects are managed by the same CMS installation, each project can have its own area look different from the others if desired.

In sum, JBoss.org found that the CMS in comparison with the conventional Wiki fostered better identification for individuals within their community, as well as richer information delivered and greater customization in the visual appearance. These benefits lead to a vibrant and growing community and that is why JBoss.org chose Magnolia CMS for its new community Web infrastructure.

References

More Stories By Boris Kraft

Boris Kraft is Chief Technology Officer (CTO) and Co-Founder of Magnolia. Since 2002, he has been focusing on the development of Magnolia CMS from a strategic and marketing perspective. In 2007, he launched the New York-based Magnolia Americas, Inc. to establish a stronger presence for Magnolia in the American market. His career in IT includes object-oriented software development under NeXTSTEP, several years of active involvement in a leading Internet security company, the development of a distributed real-time simulation environment, the use of Oracle web technology, databases and CASE tools as well as programming the first-ever intranet solution for Roche Vitamins AG.

Comments (2) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
shirley 12/25/08 11:30:25 PM EST

I think Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 is something you definitely want to look at. We specialise in this. There is more information on this at http://www.nsynergy.com/Products/SharePoint/Pages/default.aspx or please mail to [email protected].

mwiseley 12/23/08 10:30:49 AM EST

I've thought a lot about the differences between and overlap of traditional CMS and wiki software. As wikis become more advanced, many of the features considered the realm of traditional CMS are now available. Specifically, templates, reusable content, and complete control of the design. Just like many CMS packages were born from the Blog phenomenon (ExpressionEngine, Wordpress), I think we'll start to see wiki systems (EditMe, Wikimedia) start to blur the line between wiki and CMS.

@ThingsExpo Stories
"Cloud Academy is an enterprise training platform for the cloud, specifically public clouds. We offer guided learning experiences on AWS, Azure, Google Cloud and all the surrounding methodologies and technologies that you need to know and your teams need to know in order to leverage the full benefits of the cloud," explained Alex Brower, VP of Marketing at Cloud Academy, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clar...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Carl J. Levine, Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1, will objectively discuss how DNS is used to solve Digital Transformation challenges in large SaaS applications, CDNs, AdTech platforms, and other demanding use cases. Carl J. Levine is the Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1. A veteran of the Internet Infrastructure space, he has over a decade of experience with startups, networking protocols and Internet infrastructure, combined with the unique ability to it...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
Gemini is Yahoo’s native and search advertising platform. To ensure the quality of a complex distributed system that spans multiple products and components and across various desktop websites and mobile app and web experiences – both Yahoo owned and operated and third-party syndication (supply), with complex interaction with more than a billion users and numerous advertisers globally (demand) – it becomes imperative to automate a set of end-to-end tests 24x7 to detect bugs and regression. In th...
Widespread fragmentation is stalling the growth of the IIoT and making it difficult for partners to work together. The number of software platforms, apps, hardware and connectivity standards is creating paralysis among businesses that are afraid of being locked into a solution. EdgeX Foundry is unifying the community around a common IoT edge framework and an ecosystem of interoperable components.
"MobiDev is a software development company and we do complex, custom software development for everybody from entrepreneurs to large enterprises," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Large industrial manufacturing organizations are adopting the agile principles of cloud software companies. The industrial manufacturing development process has not scaled over time. Now that design CAD teams are geographically distributed, centralizing their work is key. With large multi-gigabyte projects, outdated tools have stifled industrial team agility, time-to-market milestones, and impacted P&L stakeholders.
"Space Monkey by Vivent Smart Home is a product that is a distributed cloud-based edge storage network. Vivent Smart Home, our parent company, is a smart home provider that places a lot of hard drives across homes in North America," explained JT Olds, Director of Engineering, and Brandon Crowfeather, Product Manager, at Vivint Smart Home, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Akvelon is a software development company and we also provide consultancy services to folks who are looking to scale or accelerate their engineering roadmaps," explained Jeremiah Mothersell, Marketing Manager at Akvelon, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
"There's plenty of bandwidth out there but it's never in the right place. So what Cedexis does is uses data to work out the best pathways to get data from the origin to the person who wants to get it," explained Simon Jones, Evangelist and Head of Marketing at Cedexis, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
SYS-CON Events announced today that CrowdReviews.com has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5–7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. CrowdReviews.com is a transparent online platform for determining which products and services are the best based on the opinion of the crowd. The crowd consists of Internet users that have experienced products and services first-hand and have an interest in letting other potential buye...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 22nd International Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 5-7, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York, NY. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
It is of utmost importance for the future success of WebRTC to ensure that interoperability is operational between web browsers and any WebRTC-compliant client. To be guaranteed as operational and effective, interoperability must be tested extensively by establishing WebRTC data and media connections between different web browsers running on different devices and operating systems. In his session at WebRTC Summit at @ThingsExpo, Dr. Alex Gouaillard, CEO and Founder of CoSMo Software, presented ...
WebRTC is great technology to build your own communication tools. It will be even more exciting experience it with advanced devices, such as a 360 Camera, 360 microphone, and a depth sensor camera. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Masashi Ganeko, a manager at INFOCOM Corporation, introduced two experimental projects from his team and what they learned from them. "Shotoku Tamago" uses the robot audition software HARK to track speakers in 360 video of a remote party. "Virtual Teleport" uses a multip...
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, whic...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Evatronix will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Evatronix SA offers comprehensive solutions in the design and implementation of electronic systems, in CAD / CAM deployment, and also is a designer and manufacturer of advanced 3D scanners for professional applications.
Leading companies, from the Global Fortune 500 to the smallest companies, are adopting hybrid cloud as the path to business advantage. Hybrid cloud depends on cloud services and on-premises infrastructure working in unison. Successful implementations require new levels of data mobility, enabled by an automated and seamless flow across on-premises and cloud resources. In his general session at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Tevis, an IBM Storage Software Technical Strategist and Customer Solution Architec...
To get the most out of their data, successful companies are not focusing on queries and data lakes, they are actively integrating analytics into their operations with a data-first application development approach. Real-time adjustments to improve revenues, reduce costs, or mitigate risk rely on applications that minimize latency on a variety of data sources. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Jack Norris, Senior Vice President, Data and Applications at MapR Technologies, reviewed best practices to ...
An increasing number of companies are creating products that combine data with analytical capabilities. Running interactive queries on Big Data requires complex architectures to store and query data effectively, typically involving data streams, an choosing efficient file format/database and multiple independent systems that are tied together through custom-engineered pipelines. In his session at @BigDataExpo at @ThingsExpo, Tomer Levi, a senior software engineer at Intel’s Advanced Analytics gr...